Which Agreement Was Signed By The Allies With Mustafa Kamal Pasha
In 1924, while the “Mosul edition” was on the table, Sheikh Said began organizing the Sheikh Said rebellion. Sheikh Said was a wealthy Kurdish tribal leader of a local Naqshbandi order in Diyarbakir. He emphasized the issue of religion; he spoke out not only against the abolition of the caliphate, but also against the introduction of civil codes based on Western models, the closure of religious orders, the prohibition of polygamy and the new compulsory civil marriage. Sheikh stoked his supporters against the government`s policy, which he considered anti-Islamic. Seeking to restore Islamic law, the sheikh`s forces crossed the country, occupied government offices and marched on the main cities of Elaza and Diyarbakir.  Members of the government saw the Sheikh Said rebellion as an attempt at a counter-revolution. They insisted that military measures be taken immediately to prevent their spread. With the support of Mustafa Kemal, Ali Fethi (Okyar) replaced Ismet Inon, who, on 3 March 1925, ordered the invocation of the “law of law enforcement” to deal with the rebellion. It has given the government exceptional powers and included the power to close subversive groups.  The law was repealed in March 1927. In 1913, he was appointed Ottoman military attaché for all Balkan countries (his office was in Sofia, Bulgaria) and promoted on 1 March 1914 to kaymakam (Lieutenant-Colonel-Colonel).  During his meeting in Bulgaria, he met Dimitrina Kovacheva, daughter of Bulgarian General Stiliyan Kovachev (against the troops he had fought during the Balkan wars), who had recently trained in Switzerland, in Sofia at a New Year`s Eve party and fell in love with it.
 They danced at the ball and began to go out in secret in the days that followed.  Ataturk twice asked Dimitrina`s parents to marry him (the second time was in 1915, during the First World War) and was rejected twice, which left him sad for life.  On 18 September 1922, the occupying armies were displaced and the Ankara-based Turkish regime, which had declared itself the legitimate government of the country on 23 April 1920, began to formalize the legal transition from the former Ottoman to the new republican political system. On 1 November 1922, the Turkish parliament in Ankara formally abolished the sultanate, ending 623 years of Ottoman monarchical rule. The Treaty of Lausanne of 24 July 1923 led to international recognition of the sovereignty of the newly formed “Turkish Republic” as the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, and the Republic was officially proclaimed on 29 October 1923 in Ankara, the country`s new capital. The Treaty of Lausanne provided for a population exchange between Greece and Turkey, during which 1.1 million Greeks left Turkey for Greece, in exchange for 380,000 Muslims who left Greece for Turkey.