Revised Withdrawal Agreement And Political Declaration
The Withdrawal Agreement and the Political Declaration On 17 October 2019, the UK and the EU agreed to withdraw the UK from the European Union after several failed attempts to win the approval of the British Parliament for the original agreement. The agreement includes the revised political declaration and the new withdrawal agreement. 4.These provisions mean that, prior to the ratification of the withdrawal agreement by the Government, no parliamentary procedure is required beyond the adoption of the Withdrawal Agreement Act. However, this agreement is one of the most important international agreements concluded by the United Kingdom in recent history, and this report was drawn up by the European Union`s Special Committee to promote an informed debate on the agreement, both in Parliament and beyond. The declaration on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration, negotiated and signed at the same time as the mandatory and broader withdrawal agreement on the uk`s withdrawal from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. The political declaration is 30 pages long and outlines a longer-term agreement between the UK and the EU. Negotiations are ongoing and the UK wants to reach an agreement by 15 October 2020. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was planning to develop new laws to circumvent the protocol for withdrawing from the Northern Ireland Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.
 Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows.